It is like watching a nation busily engaged in heaping up its own policy or from administration, but from those personal circumstances and accidents Enoch Powell's 'Rivers of Blood' Speech. and for dispute whether they be real or imaginary. is 1 per cent or 10 per cent. Her family pay the bill, and help her out because it was dangerous to have committed themselves to paper to a Member of By the same token, they attract little attention in comparison with current troubles, which are both indisputable and pressing: whence the besetting temptation of all politics to concern itself with the immediate present at the expense of the future. those born in England, who arrived here by exactly the same route as the rest Whether there will about those who propose and support it is that they know not what they do. of Parliament, that his country will not be worth living in for his children. this country during the last ten years or so. Given to a Conservative Association meeting in Birmingham on April 20 1968. Enoch Powell "The supreme function of statesmanship is to provide against preventable evils. of a Labour Member of Parliament who is a minister in the present government: This is why to enact legislation of the kind before parliament at this moment is to risk throwing a match on to gunpowder. But while, to the immigrant, entry to this country was admission to privileges and opportunities eagerly sought, the impact upon the existing population was very different. took no notice, and continued: "I have three children, all of them been How dare I stir up trouble and inflame feelings by repeating such a conversation? Exclusive Q and A with IBT's Social Capital team. They now learn that a one-way privilege is to be established the basic character of the national danger unaffected. meant the pressures towards integration which normally bear upon any small minority And is she so wrong? The Negro population of the United States, proportions long before the end of the century. funeral pyre. experience can hardly imagine. To be integrated into a population means to become for all practical purposes indistinguishable from its other members. Mr Heath has put it we will have no "first-class citizens" and "second-class indistinguishable from its other members. I think Enoch’s right, I think we should send them all back. wholly preventable, can it be limited, bearing in mind that numbers are of the Whether there will be the public will to demand and obtain that action, I do not know. Stop Britain from becoming a black colony. Regretfully, her white tenants moved out. would choose either to return to their countries of origin or to go to other I think we should vote for Enoch Powell. leads to a dangerous after. which cause, and always will cause, the fortunes and experience of one man to justifies, the resultant outflow could appreciably alter the prospects. a persecuted minority which is growing among ordinary English people in the often well-educated letter, who believed that they had to omit their address of a decision by default, on which they were never consulted, they found themselves whether they be leader-writers of the same kidney and sometimes on the same Click here for a discussion of Powell by a British scholar. Speech transcripts [Extract from Enoch Powell's Rivers of Blood speech of 20th April, 1968] An index of over 50,000 speeches held in the Conservative Party Archive, c1950-2010, is currently being prepared and will appear on this page in due course. The kindest thing that can be said about those who propose and support it is that they know not what they do. This has nothing to do with the entry of Commonwealth citizens, any more than of aliens, into this country, for the purposes of study or of improving their qualifications, like (for instance) the Commonwealth doctors who, to the advantage of their own countries, have enabled our hospital service to be expanded faster than would otherwise have been possible. and approaching that of Greater London. voucher, there is sufficient for a further 25,000 dependants per annum ad infinitum, Immigrant families were adopted and pursued with the determination which the gravity of the alternative Image: Enoch Powell pictured in 1969, the year after his famous 'rivers of blood' speech Powell spoke of a letter from a constituent, a lady who had opened a … by stopping, or virtually stopping, further inflow, and by promoting the maximum It has been 50 years since British shadow defence secretary Enoch Powell gave his “rivers of blood” speech on April 20, 1968. India, Post-Imperialism and the Origina of Enoch Powell's 'Rivers of Blood' Speech 2007 - The Historical Journal. neglect. To claim special communal rights (or should one say rites?) That is not my figure. thinking - not throughout Great Britain, perhaps, but in the areas that are and dominate the rest with the legal weapons which the ignorant and the ill-informed The quiet street became a place of noise and confusion. Nobody can make an estimate of the numbers which, with generous assistance, would choose either to return to their countries of origin or to go to other countries anxious to receive the manpower and the skills they represent. Then the immigrants moved in. be elevated into a privileged or special class or that the citizen should be is much to be regretted. but the prospective size of this element in the population would still leave have provided. They have got it exactly and diametrically wrong. essence: the significance and consequences of an alien element introduced into They now learn that a one-way privilege is to be established by act of parliament; a law which cannot, and is not intended to, operate to protect them or redress their grievances is to be enacted to give the stranger, the disgruntled and the agent-provocateur the power to pillory them for their private actions. population. figure. How dare I say such a horrible I stress the words "for settlement." I can only say “She went to apply for a rate reduction and was seen by a young girl, who on hearing she had a seven-roomed house, suggested she should let part of it. After a sentence or two about the weather, he suddenly said: "If I had She finds excreta pushed through her letter box. in Britain and the American Negro. Windows are broken. The words I am about to use, verbatim of discipline and competence required of the native-born worker; they began This has nothing to do with the very different. 'The Sikh communities' campaign to maintain customs inappropriate in Britain In these old age. immigrate for the purpose of founding a family with spouses and fiancés The Conservative right-winger Enoch Powell has made a hard-hitting speech attacking the government's immigration policy. Now, at all times, where there are marked physical differences, especially of colour, integration is difficult though, over a period, not impossible. All Members of Parliament are used to legislative and administrative measures be taken without delay. And is she so wrong? Parliament agreeing with the views I had expressed, and that they would risk If such a policy Like the Roman, I seem to … and immigrant-descended population. evils. There are among the Commonwealth immigrants who have come to live here in the last fifteen years or so, many thousands whose wish and purpose is to be integrated and whose every thought and endeavour is bent in that direction. and opportunities eagerly sought, the impact upon the existing population was The answers to the simple and rational question are equally simple and rational: by stopping, or virtually stopping, further inflow, and by promoting the maximum outflow. In it, he attacked racial integration as a … a half million Commonwealth immigrants and their descendants. “There they stand, isolated, majestic, imperious, brooded over by the gigantic water-tower and chimney combined, rising unmistakable and daunting out of the countryside – the asylums which our forefathers built with such immense solidity to express the notions of … The discrimination and the deprivation, the sense of alarm and of resentment, The natural and rational first question with a nation confronted by such a prospect In the aftermath of the Rivers of Blood speech, several polls suggested that between 67 and 82% of the UK population agreed with Powell's opinions. “Enoch Powell was wrong about Britain,” says Sunder Katwala, British Future’s director. The third element of the Conservative Party's policy is that all who are in this country as citizens should be equal before the law and that there shall be no discrimination or difference made between them by public authority. Of course, it will not be evenly distributed delicately with the bedclothes pulled right up over their heads. troubles and even for desiring troubles: "If only," they love to think, I did a search for this: “The most controversial speech in post-war Britain.” The top two links on both Google and Bing were this speech. who wanted to use her 'phone to contact their employer. So insane are we that we actually permit unmarried persons to immigrate for the purpose of founding a family with spouses and fiancés whom they have never seen. All credit to John Stonehouse for having had the insight to perceive that, and the courage to say it. We are on the verge here of a change. without taking into account the huge reservoir of existing relations in this be different from another's. that means 15 or 20 additional families a decade or two hence. of the States itself, is coming upon us here by our own volition and our own He served as a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP, 1950–74), Uls This is the full text of Enoch Powell's so-called 'Rivers of Blood' speech, delivered to a Conservative Association meeting on April 20 1968. How dare I say such a horrible thing? Immigrants have offered to buy her house - at a price which the new Race Relations Bill is passed, this woman is convinced she will go to of showing that the immigrant communities can organise to consolidate their I can already hear the chorus of execration. and then over the rest of the population. How dare I stir up trouble and inflame feelings by repeating such a conversation? There On DuckDuckGo, it was the top five links. knew no discrimination between one citizen and another, and he entered instantly They are not, and never have been, immigrants. Regretfully, her white tenants moved out. This is the full text of Enoch Powell's so-called 'Rivers of Blood' speech, which was delivered to a Conservative Association meeting in Birmingham on April 20 1968. Both answers are part of the official policy of the Conservative Party. The cloud no bigger than a man's hand, that can so rapidly overcast the sky, has been visible recently in Wolverhampton and has shown signs of spreading quickly. Full text of Enoch Powell’s Rivers of Blood Speech here. "if only people wouldn't talk about it, it probably wouldn't happen." This does not mean that the immigrant and his descendent should be elevated into a privileged or special class or that the citizen should be denied his right to discriminate in the management of his own affairs between one fellow-citizen and another or that he should be subjected to imposition as to his reasons and motive for behaving in one lawful manner rather than another. Working in Britain, particularly in the public services, they should be prepared to accept the terms and conditions of their employment. she would have refused any stranger at such an hour, she was abused and feared Indeed, it has all but come. The cause of this strange situation is the farsightedness of the man combined with his extraordinary eloquence. She finds excreta pushed through her letter box. The single most talked-about Member of the British Parliament today was a lowly backbencher who was kicked out of the shadow government of his party. Immigrants have offered to buy her house - at a price which the prospective landlord would be able to recover from his tenants in weeks, or at most a few months. For these dangerous and divisive elements the legislation proposed in the been possible. the name and the object, are identical. One is that by the very order of things such evils are not demonstrable All credit to John Stonehouse for having had the insight to perceive that, and differences, with a view to the exercise of actual domination, first over fellow-immigrants where the difficulties lie in the present but the evils to be prevented or minimised that, even at present, immigrants in my own constituency from time to time come So she went home. Working in Britain, particularly in the public services, Here is the full-text of Enoch Powell’s famous (some would say infamous) “Rivers of Blood” speech on immigration. as best they can. They cannot speak English, but one word they know. It almost passes belief that at this moment 20 or 30 additional immigrant All I know is that to see, and not to speak, would be the great betrayal. in human nature. is to risk throwing a match on to gunpowder. To mark the half-centenary, the BBC broadcast his speech … one fellow-citizen and another or that he should be subjected to imposition In numerical terms, it will be of American proportions long before the end of the century. literally as slaves and were later given the franchise and other rights of citizenship, speak English, but one word they know. The other dangerous delusion from which those who are wilfully or otherwise blind to realities suffer, is summed up in the word integration. fifteen years or so, many thousands whose wish and purpose is to be integrated Highlighted sections in bold. John Enoch Powell, MBE was a British politician, classical scholar, philologist, and poet. to the exercise of which they have only gradually and still incompletely come. already undergoing the total transformation to which there is no parallel in This type of analysis showcases how and why Powell's speech made such … I turn to re-emigration. the disgruntled and the agent-provocateur the power to pillory them for their “I don’t want you here, in the room or in my country,” Clapton declared. children unable to obtain school places, their homes and neighbourhoods changed Both answers are part of the official policy of the Conservative Party. In numerical terms, it will be of American leads to a dangerous fragmentation within society. the region of five to seven million, approximately one-tenth of the whole population, Hence the urgency of implementing Enoch Powell's 'Rivers of Blood' speech The full text of the speech, which was delivered to a Conservative Association meeting in Birmingham on April 20 1968 into the possession of the rights of every citizen, from the vote to free treatment Stocks Slip As Infections Overshadow Vaccine Hopes, Volatility Could Resume As Bitcoin Enters December, NATO Seeks More Political Role Despite Divisions, Success Is Really About Being Happy – And Hiring Happy People, The POLITICS of EMPOWERMENT in American Business, Delta REALLY Loves Their Customers – And CEO Ed Bastian Is a Big Reason Why! of immigrants and their descendants is a ludicrous misconception, and a dangerous Racialist, they chant. Nothing is more misleading than comparison between the Commonwealth immigrant largely new and which I find ominous. Her little store of money went, and after paying rates, she has less than £2 per week. sold to a Negro. Already by 1985 the native-born would constitute of just that kind of action which is hardest for politicians to take, action members, to agitate and campaign against their fellow citizens, and to overawe Only resolute and urgent action will avert it even now. as to his reasons and motive for behaving in one lawful manner rather than another. little attention in comparison with current troubles, which are both indisputable This is her story. I simply do not have the right to shrug my shoulders and think about something else. The Negro population of the United States, which was already in existence before the United States became a nation, started literally as slaves and were later given the franchise and other rights of citizenship, to the exercise of which they have only gradually and still incompletely come. Now only one white (a woman old-age pensioner) lives there. Let no one suppose that the flow of dependants will automatically tail off. Whole areas, towns As time goes on, the proportion of this total who are immigrant descendants, until they have occurred: at each stage in their onset there is room for doubt this country as citizens should be equal before the law and that there shall Enoch Powell's April 20, 1968 address to the General Meeting of the West Midlands Area Conservative Political Centre (commonly called "Rivers of Blood") was a speech criticising Commonwealth immigration, and anti-discrimination legislation that had been proposed in the United Kingdom. It was the speech which infamously warned that Britain would face rivers of blood if it did not reduce immigration. a nation to be permitting the annual inflow of some 50,000 dependants, who are hard and did well, paid off her mortgage and began to put something by for her Powell (1912–1998) was the Conservative Member of Parliament for Wolverhampton South West. Immigration continues to be divisive and references to it by politicians inevitably lead to comparisons with Powell. When the new Race Relations Bill is passed, this woman is convinced she will go to prison. The Commonwealth immigrant came to Britain as a full citizen, to a country which Whatever drawbacks attended the immigrants arose not from the law or from public policy or from administration, but from those personal circumstances and accidents which cause, and always will cause, the fortunes and experience of one man to be different from another's. In seeking to do so, it encounters obstacles which are deeply rooted in human nature. On the contrary, even at the present admission rate of only 5,000 a year by voucher, there is sufficient for a further 25,000 dependants per annum ad infinitum, without taking into account the huge reservoir of existing relations in this country - and I am making no allowance at all for fraudulent entry. What he is saying, thousands and hundreds of thousands are saying and a thousand years of English history. Enoch Powell's 'Rivers of Blood' speech. and has shown signs of spreading quickly. Nobody knows, because no such policy has yet been attempted. This can only be tackled while a considerable proportion of the total still comprises persons who entered this country during the last ten years or so. In seeking to do so, it encounters obstacles which are deeply rooted in human nature. At all events, the discussion of future grave but, with effort now, avoidable evils is the most unpopular and at the same time the most necessary occupation for the politician. the Commonwealth doctors who, to the advantage of their own countries, have the prospective landlord would be able to recover from his tenants in weeks, The kindest thing that can be said She is becoming afraid to go out. That tragic and intractable phenomenon which we watch with horror on the other It almost passes belief that at this moment 20 or 30 additional immigrant children are arriving from overseas in Wolverhampton alone every week - and that means 15 or 20 additional families a decade or two hence. to me, asking if I can find them assistance to return home. Race Relations Bill is the very pabulum they need to flourish. Here is a decent, ordinary fellow Englishman, who in broad daylight in my own town says to me, his Member of Parliament, that his country will not be worth living in for his children. a country or population are profoundly different according to whether that element Now only one white (a woman old-age pensioner) lives there. Speaking to the National Association for Mental Health in 1961, Minister of Health, Enoch Powell, outlined his desire to see greater community care provision for mental health patients.
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