# graphs for qualitative data

Bar charts show how different data compare with one another… pie chart bar graph Pareto chart stem-and-leaf display histogram (b) Which are suitable for quantitative data? For example, you might use this type of graph to plot the population of the United States over the course of a century. The frequency table shows how many people in the study were previous Mac owners, previous Windows owners, or neither. A good way to demonstrate the different types of graphs is by looking at the following example: When Apple Computer introduced the iMac computer in August 1998, the company wanted to learn whether the iMac was expanding Apple's market share. If they are based on a small number of observations, it can be misleading to label the pie slices with percentages. Sometimes, we really want to know the frequency of a particular category in referenc… Be careful to avoid creating misleading graphs. Practice. Frequencies are shown on the Y axis and the type of computer previously owned is shown on the X axis. It gets its name from the way it looks, just like a circular pie that has been cut into several slices. A good way to demonstrate the different types of graphs is by looking at the following example: When Apple Computer introduced the iMac computer in August 1998, the company wanted to learn whether the iMac was expanding Apple's market share. Typically, the horizontal axis (x-axis) denotes time and the vertical axis (y-axis) denotes the frequencies of what is measured. A categorical variable is one that has two or more categories, such as gender or hair color. This situation may be contrasted with quantitative data, such as a person's weight. A Pareto diagram or bar graph is a way to visually represent ​qualitative data. A dot plot is a hybrid between a histogram and a stem and leaf plot. As quantitative data are always numeric they can be ordered, added together, and the frequency of an observation can be counted. A branch of mathematics dealing with summarization and description of collections of data sets, including the concepts of arithmetic mean, median, and mode. Histograms, by contrast, are used for data that involve ordinal variables, or things that are not easily quantified, like feelings or opinions. Using Graphs and Charts to Illustrate Quantitative Data No. Qualitative data is defined as the data that approximates and characterizes. Qualitative Data. There are a number of ways in which qualitative data can be displayed. Graphs can also be used to read off the value of an unknown variable plotted as a function of a known one. The area of the slice is proportional to the percentage of responses in the category. The statistical tools of correlation and regression are then used to show trends on the scatterplot. Bar graphs measure the frequency of categorical data. We have gone through many revisions. The type of data often determines what graph is appropriate to use. Display Table and Graphs for Qualitative Data We selected some parts of Q2.1.24 (p.73) as an example of using StatCrunch to construct a data frequency distribution, a frequency/relative frequency bar graph, and a pie chart. This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is. Two types of graphs that can be used to display qualitative data are the bar graph and the pie chart.A bar graph is also called a bar chart. – The length of each bar is proportional to the frequency to be represented. These graphs include bar graphs, Pareto charts, and pie charts. Try to limit the pie chart to less than eight segments for clarity. For example, there is no natural sense in which the category of previous Windows users comes before or after the category of previous iMac users. Illia Connell / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 3.0. This is simply the relative frequency multiplied by 100. The truth is, this was hard. This leads to the second difference from bar graphs. (Select all that apply.) Pie charts can also be confusing when they are used to compare the outcomes of two different surveys or experiments.