Digging up or other manual removal is suitable for A. platanoides seedlings and saplings as long as the roots are completely removed, or adult trees felled close to ground level (Weber, 2003). IPPS, 29:345-348. platanoides wood, like that of other maple species, is fine-textured, white in colour, and has an average density at 15% moisture content slightly greater than that of sycamore (A. pseudoplatanus). each tree. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5. It is considered to be a moderately invasive plant in Virginia (Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2003), a potentially invasive plant in Connecticut uplands (Mehrhoff et al., 2003), a category II plant in Vermont (Munger, 2003) and is also listed as an invasive or weed in Wisonsin and northeastern USA (USDA-NRCS, 2004). The PLANTS Database. It is a native of eastern and central Europe. Early reports of its establishment in the wild occurred at the beginning of the 1900s, Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2003. http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html. Norway maple (Acer platanoides) provides breeding habitat for another highly invasive species, the Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), an insect that threatens to significantly reduce North American hardwood forest stands. http://www.bbg.org/gar2/pestalerts/invasives/worst_nym.html. Generally, site requirements are similar to those of sycamore (A. pseudoplatanus), though it may be less demanding. The ecological impacts, loss of natural habitat and reduction of species diversity, is a result of Norway maple’s ability to create dense shade from its overlapping broad leaves/canopy. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Fang W, 2005. and its, creation of dense shade helps it Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. When In: Fire effects information system. PflSchutzdienst, 17:100-101. platanoides L.) and the native sugar maple (A. saccharum L.). Habitat Top of page. In its native range, A. platanoides is usually found as a component of mixed forests and does not occur as large monospecific stands (Munger, 2003). wetlands, open disturbed sites, yards, gardens. London, UK; Collins. Leaves simple, opposite, deciduous, generally five-lobed, 12 x 15 cm, with shallow, open indentations between short acuminate lobes, green on both sides and borne on reddish stalk that emits a milky liquid when broken. It is This and other attractive wood figure effects, as well as good acoustic properties, have led to its use for musical instruments (Bosco, 1995; Savill, 1991). Norway maple in the city forest of Northeim. Habitat: Norway maple prefers full sun, withstands hot dry conditions and tolerates ozone and sulfur dioxide air pollution. Suszka B; Muller C; Bonnet-Masimbert M, 1994. Essences forestiÃ¨res: guide technique du forestier mÃ©diterranÃ©en franÃ§ais Ed. maples. Read more about Norway Maple on TreeCanada.ca; Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Invasive Species. Anthracnose is a common leaf disease. pp. Revue-Forestiere-Francaise, 44(Numero special):133-141; 9 ref. 415 pp. Other notes. 2009. Norway maple is a large deciduous tree with a dense canopy. Durkovic J, 1996. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. thick. It is a prolific pollen and nectar producing tree, supplying valuable honey bee forage. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. cm. Papers given during the 5th Series of scientific and technical days, held at Nancy-Champenoux, France [organized by Tacon, F. le]. Storrs, Connecticut, USA: University of Connecticut, Center for Conservation and Biodiversity. rates of, Which can fracture pavement and limit the, Planting of Norway maple is A field guide to the trees of Britain and northern Europe. Volume 1. Norway maple (Acer platanoides) invasion of a natural, forest (1993) describe it as a minor invasive in Canada, noting widely varying views on its status among correspondents in their Canadian survey. a comparison of foliar insect herbivory of the exotic Norway maple. striped maple: low elevation mountain forests: Acer platanoides. Forst und Holz, 53(1):15-18; 7 ref. three side, �teeth� but otherwise smooth along Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. and roadsides. Structure of the crowns of trees in agricultural shelterbelts. Leaf diseases on maple. USDA-NRCS, 2004. Biologia Plantarum, 38(2):303-307; 6 ref. Tar spot is becoming very common on this species. samara of two winged seeds, oriented ~ 135 - 180 degrees apart. Chambers DA; Harris DC, 1997. In the UK, the grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is the most serious pest, feeding on the bark (Evans, 1984; Savill, 1991). red maple. it is still used for urban plantings Mitchell A, 1974. pp. and postulates a human role in its establishment. ), Cincotta, C. L., Adams, Verger M; Cornu D, 1992. 2 [Forest trees: a technical French Mediterranean forest guide.]. 90 feet with a wide crown that is Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. of ref. AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION: Munger, Gregory T. 2003. Plate HP; Schneider R, 1965. long. IPANE (2001) also report that the pattern of spread was from initial establishment in open or disturbed woodlands, and later to sites with less disturbance. and leading to bare ground under Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. wooded, wetlands, open disturbed sites, yards, Plant Disease, 74(1):44-46. Norway maples are found growing all over the United States in many diverse environments. Generally comprised of a single central trunk with short lateral branches. Testing the enemy 62, vii + 232 pp. Savill PS, 1991. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feisplants/tree/acepla/all.html. Norway maple may be found all over the world in towns and villages as an ornamental and shade tree6-8. Phytochemistry, 31(2):655-657; 7 ref. Habitats consist of areas along roads and vacant lots in urban areas. Girdling, by removing the bark and phloem layer from 10 cm around the trunk is also suggested (Royal Botanic Garden Canada, 2003). A. platanoides, known as Norway maple, belongs to Section XII, series Platanoidea of the genus Platanus (Gelderen et al., 1994). Forestry (Oxford). Other uses of Norway Maple: The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them. http://www.rbg.ca/cbcn/en/invasives/i_list.html. Bulletin, Forestry Commission, UK, No. DOI:10.1093/forestry/71.3.219, Royal Botanical Gardens Canada, 2003. Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2003. Stadnik AP, 1988. Acer platanoides (Norway maple)., University of Connecticut. European Journal of Forest Pathology, 25(6/7):327-341; 38 ref. ; 7 pp. http://www.ipcnys.org/invasive%20species/acer%20platanoides.htm. It can be found in early and late succession forest, forested wetlands, open disturbed Norway maples are very frequently used as urban trees, for streets and landscaping, and have now invaded deciduous forests in the northeastern and northwestern United States. Biological, Martin, P. H. and P. L. Alexandrian D, 1992. Braun HJ, 1976. white juice when broken. The trees are fairly wind tolerant and are often used in to give protection from the wind in mixed shelterbelts. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). IPC NYS, 2003. They are fast-growing and rapidly produce a screen. http://webapps.lib.uconn.edu/ipane/browsing.cfm?descriptionid=32. Invasive Plants of Natural Habitats in Canada: An Integrated Review of Wetland and Upland Species and Legislation Governing their Control. Norway maple (Acer platanoides) and European oak (Quercus robur) growing north of the Arctic circle. Royal Botanical Gardens Canada, 2003. It is relatively Ottawa, Canada: Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Growth and provenance of Norway maple (Acer platanoides) in lowland Britain. but has�, Leaves: Paired (opposite), in text. 28 (3), 283-294. It is a deciduous species and loses its leaves in late autumn, reputedly later than many native species in North America (Munger, 2003).Reproductive BiologyA. platanoides flowers are dioecious and are pollinated by insects (Munger, 2003). spring, Fruits: Double Norway maples are widely planted in the United States and can be found from the northern border with Canada south to the Carolinas. It is also used for furniture, marquetry and tool handles. The worst invasives in the New York Metropolitan Area., New York, USA: Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Removal of trees/saplings reduced subsequent A. platanoides recruitment and enhanced native A. saccharum regeneration, whereas removal of seedlings encouraged new A. platanoides seedlings to emerge; this is attributed to the soil disturbance associated with the pulling of seedlings (Webb et al., 2001). release, hypothesis: an ornamental and now, � naturalized� in N. America. 2006. Sooty bark disease of sycamore. Flora Europaea. Verticillium wilt can affect A. platanoides seedlings, especially on sites with compacted soils, and another pathogen is the grey mould leaf spot, caused by Cristulariella depraedans (Moore, 1959). outcompete. Native to Europe, Norway Maple (Acer platanoides) was introduced North America because of its aesthetically pleasing landscaping look.Nowadays varieties of the Norway maple are typically planted in urban areas because of their perceived aesthetics, tolerance to stress and … It occurs. Stems of young trees can also frequently suffer sun scorch injury, if they are suddenly exposed or unprotected. The natural distribution of A. platanoides ranges from southern Sweden, Norway as far north as Tromsö where the trees are shrubby, Finland to 62°N, Belarus, Russia, and the Baltic States as far north as Lake Lagoda, and as far south as Ukraine (Crimea) and the Caucasus (to 43°N) but not east of the Urals. It is said to grow better than sycamore on more acid soils (Savill, 1991), with an ideal soil pH of 6-8. World Wide Web page at http://www.rbge.org.uk/forms/fe.html. Further, Norway maples are also non-native invasive exotic trees that have escaped the urban environment and is a threat to native maples because of its sun-blocking foliage. platanoides is found over a wide range of temperate climates. Premier bilan du programme de multiplication vegetative de l'erable onde [First results of vegetative propagation trials of wavy-grained maple.]. Sugar has been made from the sap in Norway and Sweden. Two subspecies are recognized: subsp. 2nd edition. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Maples of the world. Cambridge University Press, London and New York. in many areas. Use of fire may also be an inappropriate management tool where A. platanoides grows in association with native assemblages that are not fire tolerant.Mechanical Control mm. 1982, vii + 253 pp. Native geographic location and habitat. USDA Agricultural Research Service, 1998. (Acer http://www.bbg.org/gar2/pestalerts/invasives/worst_nym.html. Sooty bark disease, caused by Cryptostroma corticale, has been recorded in the USA, UK, France and Germany (Plate and Schneider, 1965). An additional cause for concern was that other invasive alien species colonized areas where A. platanoides trees and saplings had been removed.Chemical ControlWeber (2003) recommends that stumps be treated with herbicide after trees are felled. Maple timber: present knowledge, wood variation and technical properties. Best seed crops are observed at 1-3 year intervals between age 40 and 60 years, although some seed is produced every year (Savill, 1991). Zone 0; II. The seeds are winged samaras and are dispersed by the wind. + 40 pl. their margin.�, Leaves are 7�14 cm long and 8�20 cm DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.11.017. Norway maples are widely planted in the United States and can be found from the northern border with Canada south to the Carolinas (Hardiness Zones 3-7). Root and shoot pruning in root-balled Acer platanoides L.: effects of establishment and shoot architecture. Habitat: Norway maple grows well in open, sunny areas and tolerates hot, dry conditions . The ability of A. platanoides to resprout vigorously after felling makes it suitable for use in live fences. Its native range includes all of the eastern states and stretches as far west as east Texas. found in, ranging west to Wisconsin and extending south, to Tennessee and Virginia. University of Connecticut. White DJ; Haber E; Keddy C, 1993. Anderson R, 1999. It can reach heights of up to 100 feet, but is commonly seen at 40 to 60 feet, with a trunk diameter of 1 to 2 feet. It is a member of the family Sapindaceae gardens, http://www.na.fs.fed.us/fhp/invasive_plants/weeds/norway-maple.pdf, A deciduous tree that can reach the sugar maple A. saccharum, with which A. platanoides often grows, would not be affected by such an agent. http://www.rbg.ca/cbcn/en/invasives/i_list.html. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. It was planted on farms and in towns for its shade, hardiness and adaptability to adverse conditions. Invasive Plants List. In its exotic range in North America it occurs in many forest types, including a noted association with sugar maple Acer saccharum (Munger, 2003). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Subphylum: Angiospermae, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Class: Dicotyledonae, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Order: Sapindales, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Family: Aceraceae, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Genus: Acer, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Species: Acer platanoides, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. DOI:10.1016/0031-9422(92)90054-T, Kerr G, Niles J, 1998. invasive Norway maple (Acer platanoides L.). Mitchell, 1974). It grows also in the, Pacific Northwest, Rocky In some zones of North America it has replaced native trees including the sugar maple (A. saccharum) in floodplains and wet sites (Kloeppel and Abrams, 1995). By far the commonest cause of tar spot on Norway maple foliage is Rhytisma acerinum (Wulf, 1989), and in the northeastern USA, R. americanum has also been identified on A. platanoides (Hudler et al., 1998). In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Forestry (Oxford), 71(3):219-224; 11 ref. It is commonly found throughout mainland Europe and North America in towns and villages, as an ornamental or shade tree. It grows in hot and dry conditions, and it can tolerate ozone and sulfur dioxide air pollution. Propagation of Acer campestre, platanoides, rubrum and ginnala by cuttings. green and, Flowers: Yellow to clay, sand, acid, calcareous). Hardiness: Maples vary in hardiness. It is localized and spreading in parts of Ontario, Quebec and Newfoundland (White et al., 1993). Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 123(3):197-205; 53 ref. Available: https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/acepla/all.html [2020, March 13]. http://www.bbg.org/gar2/pestalerts/invasives/worst_nym.html, http://webapps.lib.uconn.edu/ipane/browsing.cfm?descriptionid=32, http://www.rbg.ca/cbcn/en/invasives/i_list.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Original citation: Rhoads and Block (2002), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ÂºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ÂºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Leaf Pattern: Arranged in an opposite pattern along twigs, which are stout and reddish-brown in color. 3:8 pp. Norway Maple vs Sugar Maple. Moore WC, 1959. http://www.rbg.ca/cbcn/en/invasives/i_list.html, USDA-NRCS, 2004. They are dark They do prefer full sun, but may also be seen in shady habitats. Invasive Plants List., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Botanical Conservation Network. http://webapps.lib.uconn.edu/ipane/browsing.cfm?descriptionid=32. Flowers in erect pubescent panicles of about 30-40 flowers. dt. Invasive and Exotic Species. Stuttgart, German Federal Republic; Gustav Fischer Verlag. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. http://plants.usda.gov. http://www.paflora.org/Acer%20platanoides.PDF. Sorbifolia, 23(1):5-11. http://www.dcr.state.va.us/dnh/invlist.pdf. to a shade-tolerant Webb SL; Pendergast THIV; Dwyer ME, 2001. 208 (1/3), 85-99. Invasive woody plants. NachrBl. Ji SB; Saito N; Yokoi M; Shigihara A; Honda T, 1992. Habitat. Malcolm DC; Evans J; Edwards PN; eds, 1982. Non-native and Potentially Invasive Vascular Plants in Connecticut. IPANE Invasive Plant Atlas of New England. Wyckoff PH; Webb SL, 1996. It is a hearty tree that can grow in small plots, making it a good tree for urban landscapes. Wyckoff and Webb (1996) studied understorey dynamics in a New Jersey mixed hardwood forest, in an assessment of the impact of the invasive Norway maple and found that the understorey below A. platanoides was significantly less diverse than that under native A. saccharum or Fagus grandiflora. Webster; CR; Wangen; SR, 2009. The samaras of the norway maple spread out at a much broader angle than those of native maples. DOI:10.1111/j.0906-7590.2005.04052.x, IPANE, 2001. CABI is a registered EU trademark. In New England, USA, it occurs in a wide range of habitats including early and late successional forest and forest wetland, along roadsides and in wasteland, disturbed ground and urban gardens (IPANE, 2001). Munger (2003) reports that A. platanoides appears to be replacing the oaks Quercus alba, Q. rubra and Q. velutina in New Jersey forests. roadsides, etc.) It has broader leaves, with hair-like leaf tips (1-3 teeth per lobe). Look out for: leaf stalks which ooze a milky sap when squeezed. xxii + 479. Range & Habitat: Norway Maple has occasionally naturalized in NE Illinois and probably a few counties elsewhere (see Distribution Map). It was brought to North America in the mid-1700s as a shade tree. The leaves vary greatly in size with tree age and vigour of the shoot. Commercially valuable hardwoods: ash, wild cherry and maples. Preferred altitudinal ranges are 500-1500 m.Associations A. platanoides has been noted as an invasive tree in parts of eastern North America and is a potentially invasive species in many other areas. Germination rate is 30-80% (Suszka et al., 1994) and appears to be enhanced by soil disturbance (Munger, 2003).Environmental RequirementsA. Future management and research. In its native range, A. platanoides grows in lowland, riparian and low montane habitats, and is usually found as a component of mixed forests and does not occur as large monospecific stands (Munger, 2003). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 548 pp. clay, sand, acid, calcareous). In its exotic range in North America it occurs in many forest types, including a noted association with sugar maple Acer saccharum (Munger, 2003). Phytochemistry. conditions. Anderson (1999) reports that unlike A. saccharum, it is significantly associated with disturbed sites (e.g. Schwarze FWMR; Lonsdale D; Mattheck C, 1995. Norway maple tends to self sow and become weedy. Growth habitat of plant: The Norway maple is a deciduous tree. The crown is tall-domed, sometimes very broad on a short stem; open in winter with rather short perpendicular shoots and often thin bunches of persistent fruits, and with very dense foliage in summer. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Volume 1. turkestanicum (Pax) de Jong. http://www.ars-grin.gov. History and range of Norway maple. Habitat: Norway The above, low levels of herbivory Evans J, 1984. A. platanoides is fast growing and produces fertile seed from about age 25-30 years. Townsend AM; Schreiber LR; Hall TJ; Bentz SE, 1990. Li HuiLin, 1996. Silviculture in the mountains - the care of protection forests [Gebirgswaldbau - Schutzwaldpflege.]. 435 pp. (2001) comment on the potential difficulty of locating a suitable biological control agent for A. platanoides because of the need to ensure that the closely related native species, e.g. Detectability of wood decay caused by Ustulina deusta in comparison with other tree-decay fungi. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Webster C R, Nelson K, Wangen S R, 2005. Natural Habitat: Norway maple trees have adapted to various conditions. It is extensively planted as a shade and street tree as it has attractive, colourful foliage, and a large spreading crown, and Gelderen et al. Many naturalized A. platanoides specimens in North America occur in urban forests or close to seed sources in gardens and streets. It was introduced into North America from Eurasia as a landscape tree. However, it is very cold resistant, tolerating an absolute minimum of -25°C, being found in Finland north of the Arctic circle (Ruotsalainen, 1992). maple (Acer saccharum), which is taxonomically close. to a shade-tolerant Findlay C; Last F; Aspinall P; Thompson CW; Rudd N, 1997. Stand dynamics of an insular population of an invasive tree, Acer platanoides. Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway maple (Acer platanoides). New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Similar to many such plants, its invasive tendencies didn’t become noticed until much later. Many correspondents did not consider it to be a problem, although one described it as one of the most important invasive plants in southern Ontario. Lesovodstvo i Agrolesomelioratsiya, No. Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. turkestanicum is found in north-east Afghanistan and Turkmenistan in mountain forests, especially on the plateaux of the Tien Shan and Pamu-Alai (Gelderen et al., 1994). Other names: French name: Érable de Norvège. Munger GT, 2003. Journal of Horticultural Science, 72(4):601-608; 13 ref. Hudler GW; Jensen-Tracy S; Banik MT, 1998. Revue ForestiÃ¨re FranÃ§aise, 48(1):42-48; 13 ref. The Bugwood Network and USDA Forest Service. Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia. Spatial analysis of an invasion front of Acer platanoides: dynamic inferences from static data. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Leaf shape … Wulf A, 1989. + many refs. Bartoli M; dall' Armi C, 1996. No information available. Galloylcyanidin glycosides from Acer. However. Amsterdam, Netherlands; Elsevier Publishing Co. Binggeli P, 1999. White et al. Autumn colour generally butter-yellow towards the end of October, but occasional trees may be scarlet in early October, and in some years most turn from yellow to orange. Verticillium wilt (fungus) is a potential serious problem. 71 (3), 219-224. It casts dense shade and outcompetes other vegetation for light, thus reducing species diversity in the forests and woodlands that it invades (Weber, 2003). Kyker T, 1998. Cultural ControlMunger (2003) discusses the potential effects of fire on this species, noting that while a fire that removed all seed sources would be thought to reduce or remove the species, there is concern that a disturbance event of this type could lead to higher seedling recruitment and resprouting. http://www.dcr.state.va.us/dnh/invlist.pdf. Forest Ecology and Management. http://www.ipcnys.org/invasive%20species/acer%20platanoides.htm. 2009. forest Disturbance as a factor in the distribution of sugar maple and the invasion of Norway maple into a modified woodland. Allgemeine Forst und Jagdzeitung, 147(8):163-168; 9 ref. Nowak, D. J. and R. A. Each flower monoecious, 6-8 mm, bright acid-yellow-green with five oval petals and a big, green disc. It can also survive on sites contaminated with heavy metals. Pattern: Arranged in an opposite pattern along twigs, which is close. Also used for urban landscapes maple ( A. pseudoplatanus ), which is taxonomically close felling... Reference guide to environmental weeds large tree, 25-30 M tall, with which platanoides. Pattern along twigs, which can be found all over the world: a previously species... And the beginning of the University of Connecticut, Center for Conservation and Biodiversity Canada south the... Amount and seasonal pattern of growth, water consumption, and last into! 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Gelderen DM van ; Jong PC de ; Oterdoom HJ, 1994, can germinate compete... Along twigs, which are stout and reddish-brown in color mixed shelterbelts and it will! All are upright, columnar forms 10 ' to 60 ' tall Fire Sciences Laboratory ( Producer.... Pollution and ozone, so they can thrive in urban settings or forests invasive didn. //Www.Fs.Fed.Us/Database/Feis/Plants/Tree/Acepla/All.Html [ 2020, March 13 ] in vitro regeneration of Norway maple platanoides! A technical French Mediterranean Forest guide. ] exotic Acer platanoides self sow and become weedy Schwarze al.! Acer spp. )., University of Technology, Loughborough [ UK ] 7-9! For updated System data added to species habitat list in many areas leaves vary in... Maple ( A. saccharum L. )., University of Connecticut most widespread and adaptable tree species in this.. Leaf shape … maple ( A. pseudoplatanus ), though it may be less demanding, (., Farnham, Surrey, UK: CAB International, 548 pp [!: Brooklyn Botanic Garden before 1683 ) reports that unlike A. saccharum or Fagus grandiflora Wyckoff and Webb 1996. Up being wider in its crown than it is still used for urban landscapes Mattheck C 1993! And maples and brown with tiny white spots CAB International, 548 pp samaras. Ranks it as moderately invasive in New York, USA: National plant data Team, in (! Urban plantings in many diverse environments the seeds are winged samaras and are often in! Being grown in Scotland, UK: CABI, Undated A. CABI Compendium: Status as determined CABI! Fire Effects information System, [ Online ] by such an agent authors are considered to be an invasive in! Open before leaves in late March, and Fraxinus excelsior and a comparison of foliar insect of! Network, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada: Canadian wildlife Service, environment.. On the fungus diseases of cultivated plants and vacant lots in urban forests or close to seed in... As moderately invasive out at a much broader angle than those of sycamore ( A. saccharum with! Until leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them,.... )., University of Technology, Loughborough [ UK ], 7-9 July, 1982 Research,. Information System, [ Online ] productivity in relation to water consumption, in wood plants Royal... ; last F ; Aspinall P ; Thompson CW ; Rudd N, 1997 du programme de vegetative... Morris Arboretum of the crowns of trees in agricultural shelterbelts leaves in late March, the! The product 's label ; CR ; Wangen ; SR, 2009 for System! Eastern and central Europe, http: //webapps.lib.uconn.edu/ipane/browsing.cfm? descriptionid=32, ji S B, Saito N ; M. It outcompete Planting of Norway maple.A 1999 ) reports that flowering is April... Herb: grows on all but very poor soils in Britain ):215-229 ; 40 ref ( 1996 detail..., in wood plants, laterals green appressed in great demand ( Savill, 1991 ). University. Forestiã¨Re FranÃ§aise, 44 ( Numero special ):156-159 ; 6 ref across North America sites, yards,.. Milky sap when squeezed seedlings for resistance to wilt ( fungus ) is a broadleaf. Trees, to Tennessee and Virginia urban forests or close to seed sources in and! Good tree for urban landscapes Royal Botanic Garden large deciduous tree with a crown! S ; Banik MT, 1998 a dbh at maturity of 60-80 cm, exceptionally to cm. Also used for urban plantings in many areas factor in the maple family and productivity in to. Techniques et pratiques series ; 6 pp first were introduced to this country by the wind tested, some!
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